ZNANOST - On Being a Scientist: A Guide to Responsible Conduct in Research Ispis
Autor Milan Taradi   

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On Being a Scientist: A Guide to Responsible Conduct in Research
Third Edition (2009) Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP)

     Over many centuries, researchers have developed professional standards designed to enhance the progress of science and to avoid or minimize the difficulties of research. Though these standards are rarely expressed in formal codes, they nevertheless establish widely accepted ways of doing research and interacting with others. Researchers expect that their colleagues will adhere to and promote these standards. Those who violate these standards will lose the respect of their peers and may even destroy their careers.
     Researchers have three sets of obligations that motivate their adherence to professional standards. First, researchers have an obligation to honor the trust that their colleagues place in them... Second, researchers have an obligation to themselves... Third, because scientific results greatly influence society, researchers have an obligation to act in ways that serve the public. Some scientific results directly affect the health and well-being of individuals, as in the case of clinical trials or toxicological studies.